Explore Nepal's Natural Heritage Chitwan National Park

On July 22, 2023, a group of twelve members from the International Wood Culture Society embarked on a cultural tour of Nepal, heading to the capital city, Kathmandu, for a week-long cultural exploration. After visiting the ancient Newar village of Bungamati in the southern part of the Kathmandu Valley and several renowned UNESCO World Heritage sites in Nepal, the expedition arrived at the Chitwan National Park located on the vast plains of southern Nepal.

Chitwan National Park was once the royal hunting grounds of Nepal and was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1984. It serves as a natural wildlife reserve in the Himalayan foothills region, covering an area of 930 square kilometers. The fertile soil nourished by river sedimentation supports dense forests and picturesque landscapes within the reserve. It harbors a rich diversity of flora and fauna, with documented sightings of 68 mammal species, 544 bird species, 56 reptile species, and 126 fish species. It is renowned for its population of unicorn rhinoceros and Bengal tiger.

Under the guidance of jungle guides, members of the expedition embarked on jungle exploration. Whether it was hiking through the jungle, riding in canoes, visiting the Elephant Breeding Center, or observing animals at night, everyone experienced unique and novel adventures. At the special request of the expedition, the jungle guides provided detailed introductions to the trees in the forest. Chitwan is characterized by tropical and subtropical forests, with approximately 70% of the park covered by Shorea Robusta. The remaining vegetation includes 20% grasslands, comprising over 50 different types of grasses, including Saccharum spp, renowned for its towering height. The guides particularly highlighted the cotton tree, with its tall and straight trunk, which serves as excellent material for making boats. The canoe used by the expedition was made from this type of tree.

Chitwan National Park is a beautiful gift from nature, marking the perfect conclusion to the week-long Nepalese Wood Culture Tour. Through cultural exchanges and exploration, the tour delved deeply into Nepal's culture and nature, life and art. This mysterious and magnificent land has left all members of the expedition with unforgettable memories of its beauty!