• Hinoki

    04 Feb 2020
    Japan

    Hinoki

     

    1 Academic and common names

    Hinoki (Chamaecyparis obtuse Endlicher) is an evergreen conifer which belongs to the genus hinoki (Chamaecyparis Spach) under the Cupressaceae family. Included in the Cupressaceae family are incense cedar (Calocedrus Kurz), Cypress (Cupressus L.), Juniper (Juniperus L.), Laosian cypress (Fokienia Henryet Thomas), Oriental arbor-vita (Platycladus Spach), Sabina (Sabina Mill), Hiba arborvitae (Thujopsis Sieb. et Zucc.), Usuri cypress (Microbiota) and Thuja. The Hinoki genus includes Taiwanese red cypress (C. formosensis Matsum.) and Taiwanese cypress (C. obtuse var. formosana (Hayata )Behd.).

    Its business term in wood distribution and trade is Hinoki as pronounced in the country of origin.It is called Japanese cypress in English. It is said that the word Hinoki derives from tree (ki) of (of) day (hi) or sprit (hi).

     

    2 Geographic distribution and major producing areas

    Hinoki is one of the major tree species in Japan, distributed mainly is Hoshu, shikoku and Kyushu. The prefectures well known for Hinoki production are Nagano, Gifu, Shizuoka, Mie, Nara, Wakayama, Okayama, Ehime, Kochi and Kumamoto.. Well-established brand names are Kiso-hinoki, Tono-hinoki, Tenryu-hinoki, Owase-hunoki, Yoshino-hinoki, Koyasan-hinoki, Mimasaka-hinoki and Ehime-hinoki.

     

    3 Physiological features

    Hinoki is a tall evergreen tree and it can grow taller than 20 meters. Most trees have straight trunks.

     

    4 Distinct features of wood

    The color of heartwood is light red and that of sapwood is close to white. Distinction between heartwood and sapwood, therefore , is easy. The grain is relatively uniform and displays warmth and beauty. The surface is smooth to the touch. The glossy surface and the characteristic scent are liked by people today. Hinoki is also widely known as a building material good for health.

     

    5 Performance

    The average air-dried density is 0.44 g/cm2. The wood is tight and has little dimensional deformity andis easy to process. The heartwood has superior preservative and anti-moist/water quality. It performs well in drying, adhesion, polishing and painting.

     

    6 Main uses

    Hinoki is used in multiple applications, primarily in wooden buildings such as foundations, posts, beams, wall panels, floorings, as well as interior , furniture, bath tubs, saunas, etc. . It is considered as the best building material in Japan. With its strength and natural durability, it is used widely in Japanese style structures and interiors.

    The several natural elements contained in hinoki wood are regarded capable of absorbing harmful materials such as formaldehyde. The scent exuded from phytoncide, one of the terpenes, has not only anti bacterial and termites effects, but also activates human’s parasympathetic nerve, thereby brings relaxation, lowers blood pressure, and amplifies alpha waves. In comparison with the woods in the world, hinoki is highly suitable for health and an excellent wood.

     

    7 Resources and log production

    According to the statistics as of March 31, 2017, planted Hinoki area is 2.6 million hectares with 740 million m3 of growing stock. Hinoki accounts for 26% of the planted forests and 22% of the growing stock. The log production in 2018 was 2.77 million m3 or 13% of the total.

    Sugi

    04 Feb 2020
    Japan

    Sugi

     

    1 Academic and common names

    Sugi (Cryptomeria japonica D. Don) is an evergreen conifer which belongs to the genus sugi, subfamily sugi under the Cupressaceae family.  Included in the sugi subfamily are Tasmanian cedar (Athrotaxis), Chinese fir (Cunninghamia R. Br.), Mizumatsu (GlyptostrobusEndl.), Bald cypress (Taxodium Ricj.), Metasequoia (Metasequoia Miki ex Hu et Cheng), Sequoia (Sequoiadendron Buchholz) and Taiwanese cedar (TaiwaniaHayata).

    Its business term in wood distribution and trade is Sugi as pronounced in the country of origin.It is called Japanese cedar in English.

     

    2 Geographic distribution and major producing areas

    Sugi is one of the main tree species in Japan and distributed in Honshu, Shikoku and Kyushu. Planting of Sugi dates back 500 years. The prefectures well known for Sugi production are Akita, Shizuoka, Mie, Kyoto, Nara, Kumamoto, Oita, Miyazaki, and Tottori. Well-established brand names are Akita-sugi, Echigo-sugi, Tenryu-sugi, Owase-sugi, Kitayama-sugi, Yoshino-sugi, Oguni-sugi, Hita-sugi, Obi-sugi and Chizu-sugi.

     

    3 Physiological features

    Sugi is a tall evergreen tree. It can grow taller than 40 meters and larger than 2 meters in diameter at breast height. Most trees have straight trunks.

     

    4 Distinct features of wood

    There is a distinct color difference between sapwood and heartwood. Sapwood is nearly white whereas heartwood varies from pink to dark reddish brown. The changes from early wood to late wood is rather sharp. With distinct annual rings, the grain is beautiful and warm and smooth to the touch. It has a characteristic faint scent and is attracting attention as a building material good for health.

     

    5 Performance

    The average air-dried density is 0.38 g/cm2. It is rather light and soft, therefore easy for processing. The heartwood has moderate preservative quality. It performs well in drying, adhesion, polishing and painting.

     

    6 Main uses

    Sugi is a versatile material and used widely for building materials (posts, beams, wall panels, ceiling panels, flooring, etc.), laminated wood, plywood, interior wood, furniture, bridges, ship building, utility poles, packaging and crating.

     

    7 Resources and log production

    According to the statistics as of March 31, 2017, planted Sugi area is 4.44million hectares with 1.9 billion m3 of growing stock. Sugi accounts for 44% of the planted forests and 58% of the growing stock. The log production in 2018 reached 12.53 million m3 or 58% of the total.